About Active Birth and Natural childbirth – Sul Parto Attivo e Nascita naturale

Vengo da tre giorni di formazione sul “Parto Attivo” presso il MIPA.
La fondatrice del MIPA è una Childbirth Educator formatasi negli anni ’80 in Gran Bretagna dove questi temi hanno visto una grande diffusione tra gli operatori e le Donne.

Piera Maghella, che ha fondato il MIPA Movimento Internazionale per il Parto Attivo nel 1985, si è presentata durante questi tre giorni come “militante del Parto”, una definizione che mi è piaciuta e che mi piace molto.
Lei stessa, Piera Maghella mi piace molto e il parto “è suo”.
Credo che non solo in Italia, ma anche all’estero il suo nome e l’impegno e l’energia con la quale svolge la sua attività di divulgazione attraverso il MIPA dovrebbe essere più supportata e diffusa.
(Sul Parto Attivo/Active Birth si può leggere qualcosa di più)

Qui di seguito un estratto sulla http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_childbirth”>Nascita Naturale tratto da Wikipedia, per conoscere e comprendere le origini di questi movimenti legati al Parto e alla Nascita.

Licia Valso Masin
21 Aprile 2015

Natural childbirth is a philosophy of childbirth that is based on the belief that women who are adequately prepared are innately able to give birth without routine medical interventions.[citation needed] Natural childbirth arose in opposition to the techno-medical model of childbirth that has recently gained popularity in industrialized societies, and is a childbirth philosophy that attempts to minimize medical intervention, particularly the use of anesthetic medications and surgical interventions such as episiotomies, forceps and ventouse deliveries and caesarean sections. A woman’s definition of ‘natural’ may range from no intervention at all to birth which includes any intervention deemed appropriate. The application of this philosophy may occur during a physician or midwife attended hospital birth, a midwife attended homebirth, or an unassisted birth. The term “natural childbirth” was coined by obstetrician Grantly Dick-Read upon publication of his book Natural Childbirth in the 1930s, which was followed by the 1942 Childbirth Without Fear.

History

Historically, most women gave birth at home without emergency medical care available. The “natural” rate of maternal mortality—meaning without surgical or pharmaceutical intervention—has been estimated at 1,500 per 100,000 births. In the United States circa 1900, before the introduction and improvement of modern medical technologies, there were about 700 maternal deaths per 100,000 births (.7%).[1] (However, natural childbirth advocates recognize the importance of emergency medical intervention, which can avert maternal or neonatal death.)

At the onset of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, giving birth at home became more difficult due to congested living spaces and dirty living conditions. This drove urban and lower class women to newly available hospitals, while wealthy and middle-class women continued to labor at home.[2] In the early 1900s there was an increasing availability of hospitals, and more women began going into the hospital for labor and delivery. In the United States, the middle classes were especially receptive to the medicalization of childbirth, which seemed to promise a safer and less painful labor.[3] In fact, the ability to labor without pain was part of the early feminist movement[1]. With this change from primarily homebirth to primarily hospital birth came changes in the care women received during labor: although no longer the case, in the 1940s it was common for women to be routinely sedated and for babies to be delivered from their unconscious mothers with forceps (termed by Dr. Robert A. Bradley as “knock-em-out, drag-em-out obstetrics”). Other routine obstetric interventions have similarly come and gone: shaving of the mother’s pubic region; mandatory intravenous drips; enemas; hand strapping of the laboring women; and the 12 hour monitoring of newborns in a nursery away from the mother.[citation needed]

Beginning in the 1940s, childbirth professionals and mothers began to challenge the conventional assumptions about the safety of medicalized births. Physicians Michel Odent and Frederick Leboyer and midwives such as Ina May Gaskin promoted birthing centers, water birth, and homebirth as alternatives to the hospital model. Some research has shown that low-tech midwifery provides labor outcomes as good as or better than those found in hospital settings with fewer interventions, except for a small percentage of high-risk cases.[4]

Fonte: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_childbirth

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